The Endocannabinoid System
In school, you are taught that there are 11 major organ systems in the human body. They include the circulatory, respiratory, urinary, reproductive, integuments, skeletal, muscular, nervous, endocrine, lymphatic, and digestive systems. All these systems make up the human body. But did you know you also have an endocannabinoid system (ECS)? You probably didn’t because unless you are a research scientist or work with medical cannabis, it is unlikely that you will ever hear of it. And yet, the ECS has been called “the most important physiologic system involved in establishing and maintaining human health. We have known about the ECS for about 25 years. It was first discovered in the 1990s, by L.A. Matsuda. Dr. Matsuda was the first to describe the structure and functional expression of the cannabinoid receptor, CB-1. Since then other cannabinoid receptors have been identified including cannabinoid receptor type 2 (CB-2), which is found primarily in the immune system, digestive system (gastrointestinal tract), and many of the body’s major organs.
We do not have a full and complete picture of what the ECS does, but we do know that the ECS helps fine-tune most of our vital physiological functions. It promotes homeostasis affecting everything from sleep, appetite, pain, inflammation, memory, mood, and even reproduction. So in basic terms, the ECS helps modulate the regulation of homeostasis across all major body systems ensuring that all systems work in concert with one another. The natural chemicals produced by the body that interact within the EC system are called cannabinoids, and like CBD, they interact with receptors to regulate these important body functions.
Cannabinoid molecules, some of which are naturally produced by the body, bind with two types of receptors which are primarily in the brain and the immune system.
A good explanation is found here: http://haleighshope.co/research/what-are-cannabinoids/
The Science Behind CBD
More studies are needed to define precisely the health benefits of CBD and other cannabinoid compounds. In testimony to the US Senate, the National Institute of Health stated “However, pre-clinical research (including both cell culture and animal models) has shown CBD to have a range of effects that may be therapeutically useful, including anti-seizure, antioxidant, neuro-protective, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anti-tumor, anti-psychotic, and anti-anxiety properties.”
See the full presentation here: LINK